Tuesday, March 6, 2007

Kutai Tribe in East Kalimantan

Kutainese is an aristocrat people from
Kutai Kingdom, the first Hinduism kingdom in Indonesia, that have its golden age in Mulawarman King leadership. They live at Kutai regency, near Mahakam river. Kutainese have a famous ceremony called Erau, its celebrate every year in the middle January which is a very interesting moment.

Daily Living

The Kutainese live with fishing, farming, trading, or breeding. Some people who catch shrimp in Mahakam River have own method to know when is good time for fishing, just look at the water colour, if the water feels warm an coloured reddish that is a good time for fishing. Beside those job, they also manage rubber, gold, coal, oil and gas, clove, or pepper trading.


Erau celebrate in 10 days 11 night along the Mahakam river, it’s reflect Dayaks and Kutainese culture. In Erau there are many kinds of agenda such as traditional sports tournament, bazaar, song competition, motorcycle parade, decorate boats, tradition ceremonies, traditional boats competition, dispatch dragon to Kutai Lama, and after Beluluh with Tempong Tawar ceremony, Erau closed by say thanks to the God.

One ceremony of Erau is Belian, Kutainese and Dayaks beliefs leader of the Belian ceremony is a man who can talk to their Gods in seventh sky. He can tell the human’s wishes or the God’s wishes to human who organize Belian. There is many requisite that must to do, ritual offerings, serving, and even a translator who can translate moves and languages that the leader signs in possessed condition.

In Erau you cannot satisfied until you have Ulap Doyo or beads wallet from the Kenyah women’s hand

Dayak Tribe in East Kalimantan

Dayak is a name of tribes that identifies the various indigenous peoples on the island of Borneo by the Indonesian part known as Kalimantan. They are divided into about 450 ethno-linguistic groups, like Belian, Kenyah, Benuaq, Sengai, Tunjung, Putuk,Bahau, and so on. Despite some differences, these group share physical features, architecture, language, an oral tradition, customs, social structure, weapons, agricultural technology and a similar outlook on life. They live with fishing, huntering, or make handicrafts. But not all do that, some dayaks go to cities or towns to work as like a city people.

Dayak’s Daily Living

Dayak live in a longhouse, a house that can take in more than one family. Every night, before going to bed, the children relaxes in the soah (open area) to listen their parents tell stories. Meanwhile, at noon they help their parents fishing, hunting, or farming. Most of Dayak people is a great hunters. They catch animals with trap or kill it with poison arrow and spear.

Dayak’s Handicraft

Dayak was a great art-worker. Their weaving product is among the best in Indonesia, also their Mandau sword. and their famed for their beadwork. Another handicraft of Dayak is carved furniture, sometimes they insert their legends or myth on the object. The art of the Dayak had a strong ritual meaning. An artist which carved a dragon out of wood, created a place for the dragon spirit which he made real, while he placed himself under protection of the most mighty protectional spirit: the goddess of the dragon or water snake.

The Kenyah Dayak Tribe

One of many groups of Dayak is Kenyah.The Kenyah form a kind of heterogene population from a diverse background. They speak different languages. Some originally were forest nomads, which settled in Apokayan, where they slowly overruled the Kayan. Later on, many of them followed the trails of the Kayan by moving to Sarawak and the Mahakam beaken. Just like the Kayan they grew rice and their society was built up from layers. Their villages usually have more than one longhouse and over 2000 residents. The Kenyah are famous because of their remarkable, colorfull woodcarvings and costumes and their music and dances.

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