Wednesday, May 30, 2007

Natural Resources in East Kalimantan

East Kalimantan province has potential areas that can be developed as food crop farming. The area was about 2.6 million ha, consisted of 856,194 ha wet rice field and 1,743,885 ha dry field. The areas have not been optimally cultivated and have been reserved as potential areas for food crop farming. These areas spread out in many regencies/cities. The large reserved area is expected to be potential farming areas that can be developed not only to fulfil the regional and national needs but also to provide export commodities. East Kalimantan province has adequate infrastructures to support this program. In addition, it is benefited by its strategic position in international trade lines. The main farming commodities are rice (wet field and dry field), soybean, corn and mung bean that are cultivated in large area as follows:

In 2001, from the available area of 300,943.50 ha, there were only 292,139.50 ha area cultivated. This activity has absorbed about 188,622 farmers. The plantation areas increased approximately 6.88%/year as shown at the following table:

The development of plantation has been executed through the implementation of the Plantation Implementation Unit (UPP) pattern, the People Nucleus Plantation (PIR) pattern, Self-supporting/partial pattern and the large plantation both owned by the Government (PTPN XIII) and private companies.

Animal Husbandry
The cattle's population in this province is potential to be developed, due to its large areas and the market demand that continuously increased. In order to meet the demand of cattle and poultry meat, it must be brought into East Kalimantan province from the outside region such as South Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, East Java and Bali. In spite of the declining population of many kinds of cattle's, its population has developed in such a better figure during the recent three (3) years (2000-2002) as indicated in the table below:

Seawaters potencies cover 4,484,283 ha, spread out along Makasar Bay and sea of Sulawesi Which have a large potential fisheries. The total potential production is about 341.000 ton/year, however, the beneficial rate reached only as much as 133,273 ton/year or 30% from the existing potencies. There is a big opportunity to develop fisheries sectors in this province. The sustainable production of fisheries sectors (sea, public waters, salty waters and fresh waters) reach about 339,998 ton/year. While the real production was 154,341.3 ton. The following table presents fish production for three years (2000-2002).

East Kalimantan province has a total forest area around 20.62 million hectare, comprises 6 types of forests namely protected forest, natural conservation and tourism forest, limited production forest, converted production forest and educational/training forest. The forest productions hold the important role to the regional development. Besides its importance function as a forest, it has a high economic value come from commercial valuable plants such as timber trees, lime trees, kerning trees, bangkirai trees, nyatoh trees, ulin (very hard wood) trees, apathies tress, mangrove trees, perupuk trees etc. In addition, many commodities are also produced from East Kalimantan forests such as resin, bees honey, orchid flowers, crocodile leather, bird's nest, eaglewood, tengkawang trees (Dipterocarpaceae sp), tunjuk langit roots and shingle roof. Up the end of 2001, the existing production forests in East Kalimantan province which have been managed by the third parties converted 83 Forest Management Concession (HPH) with area of 5,815.776 ha and 16 Industrial Plant Forests (HTI) with the area of 814,803 ha. The log production in the period of 2000/2001 reached 1,511,026.4 m3 TPTI and 3,196.420.8 m3/IPK.

Mining sector in East Kalimantan province covers oil and gas and non-oil and gas. Oil and natural gas contribute an important role to the economic development especially of East Kalimantan and for Indonesia in general, because these become the main export commodities. Other main commodities of mining sector are available in this province such as coal, gold, silver, nickel, kaolin, limestone and quartz sand.
In the up coming years, oil production is enable to be increased as resulted from the operating of the new operational area. From the offering of 6 operational areas, 4 areas are affordable for the investors. In addition, there many potential mining that investors can process and develop.

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