Tuesday, January 27, 2009

Kutai National Park Ecotourism Destination

A. Overview

Kutai National Park (TNK) is one of the mainstay tourism in East Kalimantan. TNK whole wide area is approximately 198,629 hectares. In addition to the tour as a natural event, TNK also can be used as research activities, perkemahaman, education and nature. TNK is a third national park in the land of water used as a rehabilitation center orangutans.

TNK quite hilly area and surging between heavy and light with a height of 0-398 m dpl. There are 60 units with mountain hill T42 as the most high, the range of ± 398 m dpl.
TNK has a tropical climate with an average annual rainfall ranges from 1543 mm per year, with the air temperature ranges between 27 ° -33 ° C. With such conditions, in a visit which is considered the best months are April to October each year.

B. Specialties

TNK distinction lies in the existence of various types vagetasi main, the coastal forest vegetation / mangrove, freshwater swamp forests, forest kerangas, pool lowland forest, forest Ulin / Meranti / lime, forest and mix. In addition, TNK also has some plants, such as mangroves, tancang, sea pine, simpur, Meranti, benuang, lime, Ulin, raflesia flowers, orchids and various types of forest. TNK also has a diversity of animals, such as orangutans, owa Kalimantan, bekantan, long tail monkeys, beruk, and lemur.

There are several natural tourist activities offered in this area TNK, namely:
1. Kaba Bay Estuary and Sangkimah, in the form of tourism and maritime observation animals, such as orangutans, sambar deer, kanci, birds, honey bears, and bekantan.
2. Lombok Bay and River Estuary Sangata, in the form of tourism and maritime observation mangrove forests that are still intact.
3. Prevab Mentoko, in the form of observation and research animals, such as orangutans, honey bears, clever individual, boast deer, and wild pigs.
4. Lobang Wind Cave, a cave tour.

Some plants in the national parks, such as mangrove (Rhizophora sp.), Tancang (Bruguiera sp.), Sea pine (Casuarina equisetifolia), simpur (Dillenia sp.), Meranti (Shorea sp.), Benuang (Octomeles sumatrana), calcium (Dryobalanops sp.), Ulin (Eusideroxylon zwageri), 3 types of raflesia and various types of orchids.

Ulin tree (Eusideroxylon zwageri) that are in high Sangkimah have free branch 45 m, diameter of 225 cm or 706 cm trunk circumference and volume 150 m3. This tree was a tree and the highest in Indonesia.

C. Location

TNK region located in the four administrative districts, namely North District Bontang, Bontang District, South District of Muara Badak, District Marang Kayu, East Kutai regency, East Kalimantan Province, Indonesia.

D. Access

You can travel through the land. The distance from the Bontang Samarinda is 120 km with a time of the 2.5 hours. Or can also go from Balikpapan Bontang with the distance of 240 km or 4.5 hours of the time. From Bontang, and then travel to the Gulf of Bala proceed with the speed boat which takes about 30 minutes.

E. Accommodation and Other Facilities

TNK in the area there are lodging (hostel) that can be enjoyed by the visitors. In addition, TNK also has a number of other important facilities, such as earth camp, speed boat or ship, research facilities, and so forth.

1 comment:

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